1. Define your information need
Define the need, problem or question
2. Find information
Locate, access and retrieve information from a variety of sources
3. Evaluate information
Assess the information's currency, reliability, accuracy and purpose/point of view. Use the C.R.A.P. test below.
4. Organize information
Compile information so it can be used to meed the information need
5. Communicate information
Communicate the information ethically and legally by writing a paper, giving a presentation or in another format. Do not plagiarize. Use citations and have a works cited page.
adapted from Taylor, Terry. et al. 100% Information Literacy Success. Clifton Park, NY: Thompson Delmar Learning, 2007. Print.
You can find many sources on the internet, but sometimes it can be difficult to decide if a site has quality information, or junk information. One way to critically review a website is to use the CRAP Test:
C: Currency: How recently was the website updated or published? Does the site even list any dates?
R: Reliability: Is the content factually-based or based on opinion? Does the site list references and quote sources?
A: Authority: Is an author listed for the site? Is the author credentialed (e.g. RN, MD, etc.)? Are there advertisements on the page? If so, are the ads related to the content of the information on the site (e.g. a critical review of over the counter pain medication with ads for Advil next to it might be suspicious).
P: Purpose or Point of View: Does the site appear to be biased? Is the site trying to sell you something?
If you are unable to answer these questions for a web site, then you should reconsider using it as a source for course assignments and research papers.