Conducting research on evidence-based practices always begins by considering a problem or patient condition, evaluating the types of treatments or interventions currently available, comparing those interventions, and studying outcomes. Use the acronym PICO to help remember the steps for conducting a search for evidence-based practices:
P = Patient or Problem
I = Intervention
C = Comparison Intervention (if you want to compare different types of interventions)
O = Outcomes
The Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine (CEBM) includes additional information about formulating good research questions related to implementing an evidence based practice.
A crucial component of evidence-based practice is finding information or evidence that supports a clinical practice. We suggest using CINAHL, a comprehensive database with scholarly, authoritative journal articles, to help find evidence-based practices.
"Evidence-based medicine…is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence-based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research." (Sackett, 1997)
Evidence-based practice has become increasingly important in the fields of medicine. An evidence-based practice is a treatment methodology or procedure that has been tested, studied, and proven effective--not just accepted blindly as a standard practice.This section of the Libguide will help you to understand the steps of implementing evidence-based practice and for finding pertinent articles and research.
Watch this 15 minute Ted Talk to get a very comprehensive view of the dangers of the failure to carefully evaluate medical research.